Androgenetic alopecia in women
Androgenetic alopecia is hair loss due to genetic factors. In women, it does not occur as easily as in men (9 out of 10 after 21 years), and it is estimated that 15% of women suffer before 40, and almost 40% from of menopause. Perhaps because it is not so widespread, androgenic alopecia in women is often associated with depression, and therefore treating it in time is essential.
Unlike the male condition, female androgenetic alopecia is not recognizable by hair loss, but by the loss of density and the appearance of clear areas, particularly in the upper part of the head, derived from the degradation of the hair follicles.
If you want to know in which phase of androgenetic alopecia you are and what is the best treatment for your case, consult our experts.
The loss of hair density is caused by the degradation of the hair follicles, particularly after the arrival of menopause. This degradation is caused by a higher than expected presence of certain male hormones, among which are testosterone, androsterone and, the main cause of alopecia common in men, dihydrotestosterone or DHT. These male hormones cause the depletion of hair follicles, which are clusters of hairs, and causes less hair to grow and more fragile.
Unlike in the case of men, these follicles do not dry completely but continue to grow hair. This is the reason why it is not common for this alopecia to produce total baldness in women.
How does androgenetic alopecia affect women
It usually manifests once the menopause is reached and the first symptoms are the loss of capillary density in the upper part of the head and the crown. In hairstyles with the stripe in the middle, it is easy to distinguish its evolution: the line that separates both layers of hair will be widened, making the scalp more and more visible. The whole hair will not be lost, but it will be thinner and thinner.
To assess the state of this alopecia, Dr. Erich Ludwig created in 1977 a scale that graphically described the evolution of androgenetic alopecia in women: the Ludwig scale.
Since the first stages (IV) consist above all in the weakening of the hair, for this phase the measures aimed at the stimulation of the hair follicles are particularly effective.
• Capillary laser. It is a beam of light that is applied directly on the scalp and improves blood circulation in the area, making the hair follicles receive more oxygen and nutrients. This stimulation makes the hair grow stronger and more abundant.
• Biostimulation capillary. There are several techniques that prevent hair loss, stop it and, in some cases, regenerate hair growth. In Dermatological Medical Institute three techniques are practiced:
• BET Transdermal Biostimulation
• VitaX Regeneration
• PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma)
At stage VI, and with the density difference between healthy and weakened hair already fully visible, solutions to combat female alopecia go through definitive measures such as:
• Hair integration systems. They are pieces of the patient’s natural hair that are integrated into their hair thanks to a mesh of breathable thread and gives it greater volume and density. As it is the same as the user’s hair (it is his hair), the result is homogeneous and natural.
• Capillary micrografting. It is a minor surgical intervention that consists of extracting hair from the healthy area of the patient to insert it where it needs it.